Animal remains and artistic portrayals show that the inhabitants of Pompeii were quite familiar with animal species, and bred them with great skill. The many dogs in the city served for hunting, as guard dogs, and as pets. There were cattle, hog, goat, and sheep farms, but some very specialized animal husbandry practices were also developed, such as those for raising poultry, doves and dormice. Cats were imported into the city from Africa, while peacocks came from the Near East.
The Romans' fish and mollusk farms were extraordinary from a technical standpoint.