Institute and Museum of History of Science, Florence, ITALY
The main characters
A pupil of Benedetto Castelli
in Roma, he performed a remarkable role as the Roman point of reference
for the developments of the Galileian School. He was nominated Cardinal
in 1681. He was in very close contact first with Torricelli, then
with Viviani and Leopoldo de' Medici, actively participating, albeit
by letter, in the activities of the Accademia del Cimento. He repeatedly
intervened to prevent the threatening attempts at censorship on the
part of Church authorities of the figures of the new scientific ideas.
He was a fine mathematician, as is seen in the only work he published,
the Geometrica exercitatio (Roma 1666) and his intense epistolary
exchanges with Torricelli.