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2. Construction machinery and instruments


Technological precision instruments, Pompeii
  
Both complex, large machines and small precision instruments were used in construction.

The construction machines of the Romans, built mainly of wood, were run by human or animal power. Built by special engineers, they mainly operated based on the chain reaction of elements essential for transmitting energy: winches, windlasses, and pulleys.

Precision instruments, on the other hand, were used to ensure exact measurements in construction, and especially to verify that the structures being built were exactly on the perpendicular. Compasses, units of measure, plumb bobs, squares and gauges were the instruments used for the reconstruction needed after the damage caused by the great earthquake in 62 AD.
     
Original artefacts
 

arrow 2.1 Landscape with building site

 

 

 

 

 

     
Working models
 
   
     
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